Chlamydia is one of the most common sexually transmitted infections (STIs). In fact, women and men under 25 have the highest rates of chlamydia and the number of cases is on the rise. Because people often don't have symptoms, it can be very hard to know if you've got it or not.
Signs and symptoms:
Most girls and guys don't notice any signs at all.
Some girls may notice:
A burning sensation when passing urine, an unusual vaginal discharge and pain in the lower belly.
Some guys may notice:
Whitish or yellow discharge from the penis, burning or pain when passing urine and irritation or soreness around the urethra (opening of the penis).
You have unprotected vaginal, anal or oral sex, that is, without a condom.
What can happen:
If chlamydia is left untreated, it can lead to pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) in females and infertility in males. PID is when the infection spreads into a woman's reproductive organs and may cause infertility (so you can't have a baby).
If you have chlamydia your doctor will prescribe antibiotics. Your doctor will ask you about other people you may have had unprotected sex with - as they could also have chlamydia. This is called contact tracing.
- Always use condoms or dams and water-based lubricant.
- Before you have sex, talk with your partner about the importance of safer sex.
- Be open with your partner and make sure you or they don't have any other sex partners.
- Limit your sex partners.
- Have regular STI tests.
Other STIs and BBVs